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September 25, 2001
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DESERT BLOOM: Winter Garden

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Angela O'Callaghan

Now that the days have started to get a little shorter, and it's begun to cool down a bit, maybe this is the time to think about planting a vegetable garden with cool season crops. With autumn coming in, I'm afraid that we need to let go of the hope for our own tomatoes and think about other delicious stuff we can grow for the salad or the stir-fry. One of the many exciting things about living in Las Vegas is that there is not just one growing season, but at least two, and some people would even say there are five!

A large number of vegetables cannot tolerate the amazingly high temperatures that mark summer in Las Vegas, but they will grow quite well when they are planted in the early fall, up to the beginning of October and some even later.

Asparagus, for instance. This is a perennial plant that will survive in salty soil, and you can plant it from September through April!

Members of the cabbage family are happy to be planted from August until the beginning of October. This is a very big group of related plants. There are lots of vegetables to choose from here, since it includes broccoli, bak choi, cauliflower, kohlrabi, and turnip in addition to the many different kinds of cabbage that you can find. Cabbage family members will generally grow normally until temperatures fall below 40° F (that's 5° C ).

Popeye's favorite, spinach, is another crop that flourishes when the days and nights are cooler. You can plant it successfully throughout October, and it will grow until temperatures become pretty cool.

Garlic cloves should be planted around mid October, and the bulbs will be ready to harvest the following summer.

You can plant onion seed until early October. The same holds true for carrots, beets, and Swiss chard.

Now, doesn't that all sound good? If you already have a garden plot where you grew tomatoes or melons, or any of the warm season crops, then you are well ahead of the game. Turn over the vines that are dying back and add some fresh compost. As long as no serious insect or disease problem has been introduced into your garden, then you should be able to use that plot right away.

But maybe you haven't thought that gardening in this area was reasonable until now. Well, what better time to start than the present? Think about where you would like to place a plot it will need at least six hours of direct sun every day, and it must be accessible to water. If your soil is like most of the soil in Southern Nevada, you probably want to do something containerized. You can build a raised bed with cinder blocks and fill it with a combination of native soil and soil mix from one of the local nurseries. Add some nutritious compost to that combination, and you should be good to go.

But you might want to start with something smaller. In that case, why not use pots? Herbs like basil and oregano succeed very well in pots. Leafy greens too. As long as the big four requirements are met, then the plants should produce for you.

Those big four are:

First, vegetables need fertile soil and occasional additional fertilizer, so the soil must have a decent nutritional level and a neutral or slightly acid pH;

Second, the soil is kept evenly moist;

Third, the pots are big enough for the crop and

Fourth, the plants get enough sun.

In pots, your plants won't be as big as if they were in an actual garden, but this might be a little less overwhelming to start with.

So lets get growing! Whether you choose to plant tarragon or turnips, you can have a productive garden in a small area or a large one.

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Archives

AngelaJul 14, 2014 | Protect Fruit Trees from Birds
If you put a good deal of care into growing fruit trees, there are likely some birds who will take advantage of your effort. Here's Angela O'Callaghan.

NormJul 10, 2014 | Palm Care, Part 2
To keep, or not to keep. Norm Schilling ponders his palm trees, on this edition of Desert Bloom.

NormJun 10, 2014 | Palm Care
Norm Schilling has mixed feelings about how we use Palms in our yards. Full grown palm trees transplanted into the entry way of a mall is a common sight that tells Southern Nevadan's "something" is nearly open for business. He reminds us that those palms come with challenges.

AngelaJun 3, 2014 | Hot Weather Plants
As temperatures across the Valley begin to climb, you might be wondering what will survive in your garden in the months ahead and what probably won't. There are some 'sweet' options. Here's Angela O'Callaghan

NormMay 20, 2014 | Desert Color
Norm Schilling just got back from Belize and has some ideas for lush leaves in your desert yard. He reflects on some well suited plants to provide color and variety in this edition of Desert Bloom.

AngelaMay 6, 2014 | Emerald Ash Borer
Raising a healthy shade tree in the Mojave is not always easy. And if one particular insect makes its way here, it could get even harder. Here's Angela O'Callaghan with Desert Bloom.

NormApr 22, 2014 | The Right Plants
Our current warm spell gives the impression that some plants can thrive when they aren't really suited to our desert. Norm Schilling has some examples.

NormMar 24, 2014 | Spring Garden Party
Spring is here and the garden is blooming . . . so invite some friends to enjoy the rewards of gardening!

AngelaMar 10, 2014 | Lady Banks
If you love roses, but don't care for thorns, you may want to call on 'Lady Banks.' Here's Angela O'Callaghan with Desert Bloom.

NormFeb 26, 2014 | Signs of Spring
It may be February, but if you are paying attention, signs of Spring are visible. Dwarf peach and Mexican plum trees are in bloom. Vibrant Red Spraxis can be seen among the falling Almond blossom. Watch gardening expert Norm Schilling transplant an offshoot. Check out the slide show of photos taken from his backyard.

AngelaFeb 18, 2014 | Mulch is for Winter
Rewards for using mulch in your landscape can be had year-round. Mulch is about mulch more than just "good looks" according to Angela O' Callaghan. In any climate, and certainly in a desert, mulch is an ecologically sound way to conserve our limited soil moisture and to control weeds.

NormFeb 4, 2014 | Investing for Spring
Temperatures are scheduled to stay cool this week, but Norm Schilling finds his yard is ready for Spring. He reflects on techniques to keep older trees healthy even as the surrounding yard may change. Bigger, older trees may need more water.

AngelaJan 13, 2014 | Freezing Temps
If your garden looks like it's been zapped by Jack Frost, there's still a chance that all is not lost. Delicate desert plants can suffer chill damage even when the temperature stays above freezing. Well-established plants should survive.

NormDec 31, 2013 | Leave the Leaves
Just because most of the leaves have fallen from the trees, it doesn't mean you have to rake them all up. Norm Schilling says it's better to use the leaves as mulch to protect the plants and make rich soil. Some woody plants can be pruned now, while others should wait another month or two.

AngelaDec 13, 2013 | Winter Greens
It is the season to enjoy some winter gardening. In Southern Nevada, a cold-snap does not have to mean that your garden is done for. Angela O'Callaghan gives a few cold facts.

NormDec 3, 2013 | Winter Watering
After a recent rain followed by a cold snap this week, Norm Schilling digs in to figure out how much water is needed this time of year. Touch the leaves to get a feel and don't water much at all for the next few months.

AngelaNov 18, 2013 | Herb Gardens
Our desert environment may be hard to handle for many plants, but it is possible to grow your own herbal remedy. The healing properties of some herbs are still widely recognized. Even though we rarely have to rely on them to deal with our infirmities, Angela O'Callaghan says many herbs are pretty and simple to grow.

NormNov 5, 2013 | Fall Color
Our second Spring is in full bloom. Norm Schilling shares his favorite plants that are bringing color to the yard right now, including Chocolate Flower, Mexican Bush Sage, Autumn Sage and ornamental grasses.

AngelaOct 29, 2013 | Pumpkins
Halloween just wouldn't be the same without the jack-o-lantern. But there's more to the tradition of decorating squash than meets the eye. Angela O'Callaghan says pumpkins are more than decorations for a single day. They're food, and a very good food at that.

NormSep 30, 2013 | Fall Pruning and Mulching
Pruning for aesthetics and mulching for rich soil quality are on his to-do list before he gets started in earnest on fall planting. Find out where to find mulch and mulch more on this week's edition of Desert Bloom.

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